It was the Holy Mountain of the Etruscans. Lived by the Romans above all for the numerous thermal centers that we find here, it had a period of great development following the Longobard domination. The Abbey of San Salvatore, the Amiatina Bible, the innumerable castles, hermitages and parish churches, are all symbols of an important epoch which, saw the Amiata, land of conflict and domination of great potentates. The Benedictine Monks, the Aldobrandeschi (one of the most important comitial families between the low and the high Middle Ages) and then the Republic of Siena, the Medici of Florence, the Sforza of Milan. Everyone has left a trace of their passage through the territory. The statutes granted on several occasions to the proud peoples, valued the cultures of the olive and chestnut thanks to which hunger was rarely suffered. Of great importance is the epoch linked to mining exploitation which has marked over a century of history and which today is represented in the various museums of the mine. In modern times the aura of sacredness of the Amiata was fed by the events linked to David Lazzaretti (the Christ of the Amiata) and to the Tibetan community of Merigar that was founded here in the 1980s. Also an artist such as Daniel Spoerri has chosen the Amiata for his extraordinary garden. This is accompanied by the culture of food. Wine, oil, chestnuts, mushrooms, cheeses, and baked goods represent the expression of a culture that was forged under the power of man’s domination and the action of a nature as beautiful as we see today.